Fetal Arrhythmias

Aug 27, 2016 by in PEDIATRICS Comments Off on Fetal Arrhythmias

  ●   INTRODUCTION The prenatal diagnosis of cardiac rhythm abnormalities has been made possible with advancements in ultrasound imaging. M-mode ultrasound, in addition to color and pulsed Doppler echocardiography, plays a…

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Fetal Cardiomyopathies and Fetal Heart Tumors

Aug 27, 2016 by in PEDIATRICS Comments Off on Fetal Cardiomyopathies and Fetal Heart Tumors

  ●   DILATED AND HYPERTROPHIC CARDIOMYOPATHIES Cardiomyopathies are diseases of the myocardium affecting the left, right, or both ventricles and are commonly associated with abnormal cardiac function. Myocardial changes associated with…

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Color Doppler in Fetal Echocardiography

Aug 27, 2016 by in PEDIATRICS Comments Off on Color Doppler in Fetal Echocardiography

  ●   INTRODUCTION Color and pulsed Doppler ultrasound was introduced to clinical practice about two decades ago, and its clinical application in fetal echocardiography was quickly accepted (1–8). Color and pulsed…

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Fetal Situs

Aug 27, 2016 by in PEDIATRICS Comments Off on Fetal Situs

  ●   INTRODUCTION The first step in the ultrasonographic evaluation of the fetus is the assessment of fetal visceral situs as some organs are arranged symmetrically and others, such as the…

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Genetic Aspects of Congenital Heart Diseases

Aug 27, 2016 by in PEDIATRICS Comments Off on Genetic Aspects of Congenital Heart Diseases

●   INTRODUCTION Older literature suggested that genetic diseases contributed minimally to the origin of congenital heart disease (CHD), with the majority of defects thought to result from multifactorial causes. Current knowledge…

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Embryology of the Heart

Aug 27, 2016 by in PEDIATRICS Comments Off on Embryology of the Heart

  ●   INTRODUCTION The spectrum of congenital cardiac anomalies presented in this book can be better understood if the reader has some basic knowledge on cardiac development. In the last 30…

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