Fetal Cardiac Function

Aug 27, 2016 by in PEDIATRICS Comments Off on Fetal Cardiac Function

  ●   INTRODUCTION The application of fetal echocardiography in clinical practice is primarily used to identify fetuses with structural heart abnormalities. For this purpose, extensive expertise has amassed over the past…

read more

Systematic Evaluation of the Venous System

Aug 27, 2016 by in PEDIATRICS Comments Off on Systematic Evaluation of the Venous System

  ●   INTRODUCTION The sonographic assessment of the fetal venous system has seen significant advances over the past 20 years, since the pioneering work on the ductus venosus (DV) by Kiserud…

read more

Fetal Cardiac Examination in Early Gestation

Aug 27, 2016 by in PEDIATRICS Comments Off on Fetal Cardiac Examination in Early Gestation

  ●   INTRODUCTION Over the past decade, the widespread adoption of first-trimester risk assessment with nuchal translucency (NT) and other first-trimester ultrasound markers increased interest in early anomaly scan in general…

read more

Aortic Stenosis and Bicuspid Aortic Valve

Aug 27, 2016 by in PEDIATRICS Comments Off on Aortic Stenosis and Bicuspid Aortic Valve

●   AORTIC STENOSIS Definition, Spectrum of Disease, and Incidence Aortic stenosis is defined as narrowing at the level of the aortic valve leading to an obstruction of left ventricular outflow (Fig….

read more

Common Arterial Trunk

Aug 27, 2016 by in PEDIATRICS Comments Off on Common Arterial Trunk

  ●   COMMON ARTERIAL TRUNK Definition, Spectrum of Disease, and Incidence Common arterial trunk (CAT), also referred to as persistent truncus arteriosus, truncus arteriosus communis, and aorticopulmonary trunk, is characterized by…

read more

Univentricular Atrioventricular Connection, Double Inlet Ventricle, and Tricuspid Atresia with Ventricular Septal Defect

Aug 27, 2016 by in PEDIATRICS Comments Off on Univentricular Atrioventricular Connection, Double Inlet Ventricle, and Tricuspid Atresia with Ventricular Septal Defect

  ●   UNIVENTRICULAR ATRIOVENTRICULAR CONNECTION Univentricular atrioventricular connection describes a group of cardiac malformations where the atrioventricular connection is completely or predominantly to a single ventricular chamber. Embryologically, this malformation is…

read more

Pulsed Doppler in Fetal Echocardiography

Aug 27, 2016 by in PEDIATRICS Comments Off on Pulsed Doppler in Fetal Echocardiography

  ●   INTRODUCTION The advent of pulsed and color Doppler techniques in the early and late eighties allowed for the noninvasive examination of the fetal cardiovascular system. This significant imaging advancement…

read more

Cardiac Anatomy

Aug 27, 2016 by in PEDIATRICS Comments Off on Cardiac Anatomy

  ●   INTRODUCTION In order to be able to accurately interpret fetal cardiac imaging by ultrasound, a full understanding of fetal cardiac anatomy is required (1, 2). The heart is a…

read more
Premium Wordpress Themes by UFO Themes