PEDIATRICS

Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation

Jan 30, 2019 by in PEDIATRICS Comments Off on Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation

Advances in the field of assisted ventilation include computer-assisted ventilators with an ever-increasing number of modalities, bedside pulmonary function measurements, and graphics and drugs to modulate the pulmonary vascular bed…

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Neurologic Effects of Respiratory Support

Jan 30, 2019 by in PEDIATRICS Comments Off on Neurologic Effects of Respiratory Support

The use of respiratory support in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) to treat a variety of newborn respiratory conditions (e.g., respiratory distress syndrome and chronic lung disease) is quite…

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Discharge and Transition to Home Care

Jan 30, 2019 by in PEDIATRICS Comments Off on Discharge and Transition to Home Care

The discharge readiness of infants is usually determined by the demonstration of achieving several minimum functional competencies. These competencies include (1) thermoregulation; (2) control of breathing without apnea, bradycardia, or…

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Pharmacologic Therapies I: Surfactant Therapy

Jan 30, 2019 by in PEDIATRICS Comments Off on Pharmacologic Therapies I: Surfactant Therapy

The development of exogenous surfactant therapy in the early 1990s was a historic advance in neonatology that led to significant reductions in neonatal mortality. Exogenous surfactant therapy is now routinely…

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Pharmacologic Therapies III: Cardiovascular Therapy and Persistent Pulmonary Hypertension of the Newborn

Jan 30, 2019 by in PEDIATRICS Comments Off on Pharmacologic Therapies III: Cardiovascular Therapy and Persistent Pulmonary Hypertension of the Newborn

Introduction Hemodynamic problems are frequent in infants undergoing neonatal intensive care. The evaluation and treatment of such problems must take into account the developmental physiology of the neonatal cardiovascular system,…

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Intraoperative Management of the Neonate

Jan 30, 2019 by in PEDIATRICS Comments Off on Intraoperative Management of the Neonate

The neonatal patient requiring surgery presents a unique challenge in the delivery of safe and effective airway management, ventilation, sedation, and anesthesia. The physiology of the neonate is unique and…

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