PEDIATRICS

Anaphylaxis: Assessment and Management

Apr 15, 2019 by in PEDIATRICS Comments Off on Anaphylaxis: Assessment and Management

Key Points • Most episodes of anaphylaxis occur in the community, not in healthcare settings. Food is by far the most common trigger. Concomitant asthma increases the risk of severe…

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Insect Sting Allergy

Apr 15, 2019 by in PEDIATRICS Comments Off on Insect Sting Allergy

Key Points • The majority of insect sting reactions in children are mild and frequently only dermal (hives, angioedema). • Children who have only dermal reactions have a very benign…

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Allergic and Immunologic Eye Disease

Apr 15, 2019 by in PEDIATRICS Comments Off on Allergic and Immunologic Eye Disease

Key Points • The hallmark of allergic conjunctivitis is itching. Bacterial and viral conjunctivitis do not commonly present with pruritus. • Bacterial and viral conjunctivitis generally have a self-limited course…

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Latex Allergy

Apr 15, 2019 by in PEDIATRICS Comments Off on Latex Allergy

Key Points • Natural rubber latex (NRL) is contained in thousands of consumer and medical products and is responsible for an epidemic of IgE-mediated latex allergy in the past three…

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Urticaria and Angioedema

Apr 15, 2019 by in PEDIATRICS Comments Off on Urticaria and Angioedema

Key Points • The distinction between acute and chronic urticaria/angioedema has important diagnostic and therapeutic implications. Recurrent angioedema without urticaria suggests the possibility of hereditary angioedema. • The most common…

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Drug Allergy

Apr 15, 2019 by in PEDIATRICS Comments Off on Drug Allergy

Key Points • While true drug hypersensitivity is relatively uncommon, many children are labeled as being ‘allergic’ to various medications, particularly antibiotics. They end up carrying this label into adulthood…

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Contact Dermatitis

Apr 15, 2019 by in PEDIATRICS Comments Off on Contact Dermatitis

Key Points • Allergic contact dermatitis (ACD) in children is not uncommon and should be suspected in patients with chronic dermatitis. • Patch testing is the gold standard for the…

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Management of Atopic Dermatitis

Apr 15, 2019 by in PEDIATRICS Comments Off on Management of Atopic Dermatitis

Key Points • Proper skin hydration and skin barrier protection are key to management of atopic dermatitis (AD). • Topical antiinflammatory therapy includes use of topical steroids and calcineurin inhibitors….

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