PEDIATRICS

The Heart

Sep 29, 2019 by in PEDIATRICS Comments Off on The Heart

Congenital heart disease is the most common cause of infant death in the United States. In most children, serious heart disease presents during the first month of life. Thus, care…

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Infections in the Neonate

Sep 29, 2019 by in PEDIATRICS Comments Off on Infections in the Neonate

Epidemiology, Risk Factors, and Presentation The fetus and the newborn are extremely susceptible to infections. This susceptibility stems from maternal risk factors, obstetrical complications, the postnatal environment, and the immature host…

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Neonatal Hyperbilirubinemia

Sep 29, 2019 by in PEDIATRICS Comments Off on Neonatal Hyperbilirubinemia

Care of the high-risk neonate usually refers to care of the low-birth-weight infant or the sick term newborn. Although hyperbilirubinemia is certainly a matter of concern in these infants, the…

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Assisted Ventilation

Sep 29, 2019 by in PEDIATRICS Comments Off on Assisted Ventilation

But that life may, in a manner of speaking, be restored to the animal, an opening must be attempted in the trunk of the trachea, into which a tube or…

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Respiratory Problems

Sep 29, 2019 by in PEDIATRICS Comments Off on Respiratory Problems

When one considers the complexity of the pulmonary and hemodynamic changes occurring after delivery, it is surprising that the majority of infants make the transition from intrauterine to extrauterine life…

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Normal Values

Sep 29, 2019 by in PEDIATRICS Comments Off on Normal Values

Chemistry Values Table C-1 Blood Chemistry Values in Premature Infants during the First 7 Weeks of Life (Birth Weight 1500-1750 g) Adapted from Thomas J, Reichelderfer T: Premature infants: analysis…

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Brain Disorders of the Fetus and Neonate

Sep 29, 2019 by in PEDIATRICS Comments Off on Brain Disorders of the Fetus and Neonate

A physician’s knowledge of prenatal brain development in the context of maternal-placental health and disease greatly enhances the neurologic assessment of the newborn. Although acute neurologic signs after birth should…

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The Kidney

Sep 29, 2019 by in PEDIATRICS Comments Off on The Kidney

Advances in neonatology, perinatology, and molecular genetics have defined new disease processes and raised new questions in the field of nephrology. For example, the advent of prenatal ultrasonography has created…

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Hematologic Problems

Sep 29, 2019 by in PEDIATRICS Comments Off on Hematologic Problems

Red Blood Cells The great questions of the day are not decided by speeches and majority votes but by blood and iron. Otto von Bismarck, September 30, 1862 Fetal Erythropoiesis…

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The Outcome of Neonatal Intensive Care

Sep 29, 2019 by in PEDIATRICS Comments Off on The Outcome of Neonatal Intensive Care

Technical advances and improvements in perinatal care have been mainly responsible for the improved survival of high-risk neonates ( Fig. 19-1 , Table 19-1 , and Appendix C). A major…

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