PEDIATRICS

Nevi and Melanoma in Children

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Nevi and Melanoma in Children Gina Prado Pigmented lesions in childhood can pose diagnostic and therapeutic challenges for pediatric surgeons. This chapter examines the common pigmented lesions encountered in childhood….

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Rhabdomyosarcoma

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Rhabdomyosarcoma Courtland Polley Rhabdomyosarcomas (RMSs) are primary malignant soft tissue tumors that arise from embryonic mesenchyme with the potential to differentiate into skeletal muscle.1 They are rare overall but account…

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CNS Tumors in Children

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CNS Tumors in Children Lukas Gaffney Brain and central nervous system (CNS) tumors are the most common pediatric solid organ tumor and second most common malignancy overall behind leukemia.1 CNS…

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Pediatric Orthopedic Tumors

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Pediatric Orthopedic Tumors Blaze D. Emerson Bijan J. Ameri The most common malignant bone tumor is osteosarcoma (OS) and the Ewing sarcoma family of tumors (ESFT), which account for 90%…

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Ovarian Tumors in Children

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Ovarian Tumors in Children Ann M. Polcari RELEVANT ANATOMY The ovary is a female reproductive organ suspended within the pelvis. It is kept in close proximity to the uterus and…

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Testicular Tumors in Children

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Testicular Tumors in Children Kenan Ashouri Fawaz M. Ashouri Pediatric testicular tumors are rare in the prepubescent male (Figure 54.1). Germ cell tumors (GCTs) comprise the majority of testicular tumors…

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Tumors of the GI Tract in Children

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Tumors of the GI Tract in Children Nicholas Cortolillo There are many different tumors that affect the gastrointestinal (GI) tract in the pediatric population. This chapter will serve to highlight…

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Mediastinal Tumors

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Mediastinal Tumors Marcus E. Eby The mediastinum is the central compartment of the thoracic cavity, which is surrounded by loose connective tissue and enclosed laterally by the left and right…

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Adrenal Tumors in Children

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Adrenal Tumors in Children Scott J. Revell Carly M. Conway Jessica L. Buicko The first successful adrenalectomy was performed by John Knowsley Thornton who removed a 20-lb en bloc adrenal…

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Hepatic Neoplasms in Children

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Hepatic Neoplasms in Children Ann M. Polcari The liver is an intraperitoneal organ located below the diaphragm in the right upper quadrant (RUQ) of the abdomen, extending from the fourth…

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