GYNECOLOGY

Polycystic ovary syndrome

Aug 8, 2021 by in GYNECOLOGY Comments Off on Polycystic ovary syndrome

Key points • Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is now diagnosed by the Rotterdam criteria, which are clinical end points, and is not a laboratory diagnosis . The diagnosis requires finding…

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In vitro fertilization

Aug 8, 2021 by in GYNECOLOGY Comments Off on In vitro fertilization

Key points • For in vitro fertilization (IVF) with and without intracytoplasmic sperm injection, the delivery rate per cycle in which ova are retrieved is as high as 50%, depending…

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Androgen excess in women

Aug 8, 2021 by in GYNECOLOGY Comments Off on Androgen excess in women

Key points • The major androgen produced by the ovaries is testosterone and that of the adrenal glands is dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate; many potent 11-oxo androgens produced by the adrenal glands…

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Hyperprolactinemia: Evaluation and management

Aug 8, 2021 by in GYNECOLOGY Comments Off on Hyperprolactinemia: Evaluation and management

Key points • The main symptoms of hyperprolactinemia are galactorrhea and amenorrhea, the latter caused by alterations in normal gonadotropin-releasing hormone release. • Pathologic causes of hyperprolactinemia include pharmacologic agents,…

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Neoplastic diseases of the vulva and vagina

Aug 8, 2021 by in GYNECOLOGY Comments Off on Neoplastic diseases of the vulva and vagina

Key points VULVAR PREMALIGNANT AND MALIGNANT DISEASE • Squamous cell carcinomas constitute 90% of primary vulvar malignancies. More than 80% of patients are older than 50 years at the time…

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Perioperative management of complications: Fever, Respiratory, Cardiovascular, Thromboembolic, Urinary Tract, Gastrointestinal, Wound, and Operative Site Complications; Neurologic Injury; Psychological Sequelae

Aug 8, 2021 by in GYNECOLOGY Comments Off on Perioperative management of complications: Fever, Respiratory, Cardiovascular, Thromboembolic, Urinary Tract, Gastrointestinal, Wound, and Operative Site Complications; Neurologic Injury; Psychological Sequelae

Key points • Postoperative febrile morbidity is related to infection in approximately 20% of cases and noninfectious causes in 80% of cases. • Infection in older adults will not always…

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