GYNECOLOGY

CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM

Jan 12, 2019 by in GYNECOLOGY Comments Off on CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM

2.1 AGENESIS OF THE CORPUS CALLOSUM Print Section Listen EPIDEMIOLOGY/GENETICS Definition Complete or partial agenesis of the corpus callosum (ACC) is a failure of the callosal commissural fibers to cross…

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THE GENITOURINARY SYSTEM

Jan 12, 2019 by in GYNECOLOGY Comments Off on THE GENITOURINARY SYSTEM

4.1 AMBIGUOUS GENITALIA Print Section Listen EPIDEMIOLOGY/GENETICS Definition Ambiguous genitalia is a term used to describe the clinical situation when examination of the external genitalia does not allow a clear…

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CHROMOSOMES

Jan 12, 2019 by in GYNECOLOGY Comments Off on CHROMOSOMES

1.1 TRIPLOIDY Print Section Listen EPIDEMIOLOGY/GENETICS Definition Rare, lethal chromosomal abnormality. An entire extra haploid set of chromosomes results in 69 chromosomes instead of the usual 46. Epidemiology Of human…

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THE CHEST

Jan 12, 2019 by in GYNECOLOGY Comments Off on THE CHEST

5.0 OVERVIEW: CONGENITAL LUNG LESIONS Print Section Listen There are multiple echogenic lung lesions that must await neonatal assessment to determine a specific diagnosis. The generic term congenital lung lesion…

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(Laterally) Extended Endopelvic Resection

Jan 12, 2019 by in GYNECOLOGY Comments Off on (Laterally) Extended Endopelvic Resection

BACKGROUND Print Section Listen Insights in the topology of locoregional tumor spread from developmental biology call for redefining the principles of cancer surgery.1 Surgical procedures translating these concepts into practice…

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CARDIAC ENTITIES

Jan 12, 2019 by in GYNECOLOGY Comments Off on CARDIAC ENTITIES

3.1 AORTIC COARCTATION Print Section Listen EPIDEMIOLOGY/GENETICS Definition Aortic coarctation (AC) is a narrowing of the aorta; greater than 90% occur between the left subclavian artery and the ductus arteriosus…

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Bone and Extended Pelvic Resections

Jan 12, 2019 by in GYNECOLOGY Comments Off on Bone and Extended Pelvic Resections

BACKGROUND Print Section Listen Most recurrent and locally advanced gynecologic malignancies carry a poor prognosis. Advances in multimodality management have improved local control and overall survival (OS).1,2,3 Historically, tumors invading…

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Pelvic Exenteration

Jan 12, 2019 by in GYNECOLOGY Comments Off on Pelvic Exenteration

BACKGROUND AND EVOLUTION Print Section Listen Exenteration was first reported by Brunchswig in 1948 as a palliative procedure, and, in his subsequent series of 561 patients collected from 1948 to…

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Tissue Rearrangement Techniques and Regional Flaps

Jan 12, 2019 by in GYNECOLOGY Comments Off on Tissue Rearrangement Techniques and Regional Flaps

BACKGROUND Print Section Listen Extirpative gynecologic cancer surgery may result in partial or full-thickness defects of the abdominal wall. Although minor defects can be repaired primarily, large or composite defects…

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