GYNECOLOGY

Ovaries and Adnexa

Feb 2, 2020 by in GYNECOLOGY Comments Off on Ovaries and Adnexa

Ovaries and Adnexa 31.1 Simple Ovarian Cysts Description and Clinical Features The normal ovary in premenopausal women typically contains small cysts, less than 3 cm in diameter, representing follicles or…

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Myometrium

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Myometrium 29.1 Fibroids (Leiomyomas) and Leiomyosarcomas Description and Clinical Features Fibroids, or uterine leiomyomas, are commonly occurring benign myometrial tumors composed of smooth muscle and fibrous tissue. They are found…

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Endometrium

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Endometrium 30.1 Endometrial Polyps Description and Clinical Features Endometrial polyps are fairly common lesions that can occur at any age. They can be pedunculated or broad-based, are generally benign, and,…

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Genitourinary Tract

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Genitourinary Tract 14.1 Unilateral and Bilateral Renal Agenesis Description and Clinical Features Renal agenesis, which may be unilateral or bilateral, results from failure of the ureteric bud to develop during…

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Ectopic Pregnancy

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Ectopic Pregnancy 32.1 Tubal Ectopic Pregnancy Description and Clinical Features Approximately 2% of all pregnancies are ectopic (i.e., implanted at a site other than within the uterine cavity). More than…

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Therapeutic Obstetrical Procedures

Feb 2, 2020 by in GYNECOLOGY Comments Off on Therapeutic Obstetrical Procedures

Therapeutic Obstetrical Procedures 26.1 Fetal Blood Transfusion Description and Clinical Features If a fetus is found to be anemic based on umbilical blood sampling, it can be treated with a…

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Therapeutic Gynecologic Procedures

Feb 2, 2020 by in GYNECOLOGY Comments Off on Therapeutic Gynecologic Procedures

Therapeutic Gynecologic Procedures 35.1 Ovarian Cyst Aspiration Description and Clinical Features Ovarian cysts, especially when large, can be painful. If a cyst does not resolve on its own, draining the…

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Pelvic Floor

Feb 2, 2020 by in GYNECOLOGY Comments Off on Pelvic Floor

Pelvic Floor 33.1 Pelvic Floor Abnormalities Description and Clinical Features The pelvic floor is comprised of three compartments based on function and location, labeled anterior, middle, and posterior compartments. The…

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Diagnostic Gynecologic Procedures

Feb 2, 2020 by in GYNECOLOGY Comments Off on Diagnostic Gynecologic Procedures

Diagnostic Gynecologic Procedures 34.1 Saline Infusion Sonohysterography Description and Clinical Features A saline infusion sonohysterogram (SIS), or more simply called a sonohysterogram (SHG), is a procedure in which the uterus…

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Heart

Feb 2, 2020 by in GYNECOLOGY Comments Off on Heart

Heart 11.1 Overview of Congenital Heart Disease Congenital heart disease affects between 8 and 12 per 1,000 live births and 27 per 1,000 stillbirths. The risk of congenital heart disease…

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