OBSTETRICS

Barrier Methods of Contraception

Mar 1, 2020 by in OBSTETRICS Comments Off on Barrier Methods of Contraception

Barrier Methods of Contraception Jill Schwartz, MD, MPH Barrier methods of contraception have been the most widely used contraceptive techniques throughout recorded history. Although barriers represent the oldest of contraceptive…

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Behavioral Methods of Contraception

Mar 1, 2020 by in OBSTETRICS Comments Off on Behavioral Methods of Contraception

Behavioral Methods of Contraception Anita L. Nelson, MD Diana Crabtree Sokol, MD, MSc Introduction Behavioral methods of contraception, such as fertility awareness-based methods (FABMs), coitus interruptus (withdrawal), and a range…

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Emergency Contraception

Mar 1, 2020 by in OBSTETRICS Comments Off on Emergency Contraception

Emergency Contraception Nora Doty, MD, MSCR Alison Edelman, MD, MPH Emergency contraception (EC) is a method to prevent pregnancy after intercourse in which a primary contraceptive method was not used…

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Injectable Contraception

Mar 1, 2020 by in OBSTETRICS Comments Off on Injectable Contraception

Injectable Contraception Laneta Dorflinger, PhD Sharon L. Achilles, MD, PhD Injectable contraceptives are widely available, moderately effective, medium-acting (1 to 3 months) reversible methods that can be used discretely and…

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Shorter-Acting Progestin-Only Contraception

Mar 1, 2020 by in OBSTETRICS Comments Off on Shorter-Acting Progestin-Only Contraception

Shorter-Acting Progestin-Only Contraception Elizabeth Micks, MD, MPH Sarah Prager, MD, MAS Contraceptives containing only progestins are available in intrauterine devices (IUDs), subdermal implants, injectable contraceptives, and shorter-acting progestin-only pills (POPs),…

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Combined Hormonal Contraception

Mar 1, 2020 by in OBSTETRICS Comments Off on Combined Hormonal Contraception

Combined Hormonal Contraception Carolyn L. Westhoff, MD, MSc Surya Cooper, MD, MPH, Ian Joseph Bishop, MD, MPH Types of Combined Hormonal Contraception Combination hormonal contraceptives (CHCs) include pills, rings, patches,…

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Intrauterine Contraception

Mar 1, 2020 by in OBSTETRICS Comments Off on Intrauterine Contraception

Intrauterine Contraception Jennifer E. Kaiser, MD, MSCI David K. Turok, MD, MPH Nomenclature For consistency throughout this chapter authors use the term “intrauterine device (IUD)” when referring generically to all…

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Implantable Contraception

Mar 1, 2020 by in OBSTETRICS Comments Off on Implantable Contraception

Implantable Contraception Rebecca Cohen, MD, MPH Stephanie B. Teal, MD, MPH The relatively high pregnancy rates with typical use of reversible contraceptive methods indicate the need for long-acting methods that…

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Permanent Contraception

Mar 1, 2020 by in OBSTETRICS Comments Off on Permanent Contraception

Permanent Contraception Aileen M. Gariepy, MD, MPH Rebecca H. Allen, MD, MPH The phrase “permanent contraception” recognizes a person’s voluntary decision to complete childbearing as an active and positive decision….

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