PEDIATRICS

Inborn Errors of Metabolism

Oct 27, 2018 by in PEDIATRICS Comments Off on Inborn Errors of Metabolism

Inborn Errors of Metabolism Ayman W. El-Hattab V. Reid Sutton KEY POINTS Neonates with inborn errors of metabolism (IEMs) usually present with nonspecific signs, and early diagnosis and institution of…

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Osteopenia (Metabolic Bone Disease) of Prematurity

Oct 27, 2018 by in PEDIATRICS Comments Off on Osteopenia (Metabolic Bone Disease) of Prematurity

Osteopenia (Metabolic Bone Disease) of Prematurity Steven A. Abrams KEY POINTS Osteopenia remains a common problem for very preterm infants. The most common cause is inadequate dietary minerals. Other factors…

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Orthopedic Problems

Oct 27, 2018 by in PEDIATRICS Comments Off on Orthopedic Problems

Orthopedic Problems James R. Kasser KEY POINTS Foot deformity—Club feet, fixed deformity of the feet, or vertical talus at birth should be treated with exercise or casting initially. Hips—Hip instability…

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Neural Tube Defects

Oct 27, 2018 by in PEDIATRICS Comments Off on Neural Tube Defects

Neural Tube Defects Anne R. Hansen Benjamin Warf KEY POINTS Preoperatively, minimize bacterial colonization and tissue damage by keeping the newborn in prone position with sterile saline-moistened gauze sponge placed…

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Neonatal Seizures

Oct 27, 2018 by in PEDIATRICS Comments Off on Neonatal Seizures

Neonatal Seizures Arnold J. Sansevere Ann M. Bergin KEY POINTS Neonatal seizures are usually due to an underlying injury or disorder. Treatable disorders should be sought. Hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy and focal…

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Lyme Disease

Oct 27, 2018 by in PEDIATRICS Comments Off on Lyme Disease

Lyme Disease Norma Pérez KEY POINTS No evidence of congenital Lyme borreliosis syndrome Pregnant females who develop Lyme disease should be treated. No evidence that Borrelia burgdorferi is transmitted in…

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Tuberculosis

Oct 27, 2018 by in PEDIATRICS Comments Off on Tuberculosis

Tuberculosis Heather Y. Highsmith Jeffrey R. Starke KEY POINTS The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that 600,000 children develop tuberculosis (TB) disease a year, causing 74,000 deaths in HIV-uninfected children….

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Syphilis

Oct 27, 2018 by in PEDIATRICS Comments Off on Syphilis

Syphilis Gloria Heresi KEY POINTS Prevention of congenital syphilis depends on the identification and adequate treatment of pregnant women with syphilis. Trends in congenital syphilis usually follow trends in primary…

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