PEDIATRICS

Transport of the Ventilated Infant

Jan 30, 2019 by in PEDIATRICS Comments Off on Transport of the Ventilated Infant

Acknowledgment We would like to acknowledge Dr. Kristen Melton and Dr. Gary Pettett for their contributions in the earlier edition of this chapter. Important Role of the Transport Team The…

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Pharmacologic Therapies IV: Other Medications

Jan 30, 2019 by in PEDIATRICS Comments Off on Pharmacologic Therapies IV: Other Medications

Introduction Pharmacologic agents are often used during mechanical ventilation of newborn infants to achieve various therapeutic goals including sedation and analgesia, neuromuscular paralysis, maintenance of fluid balance, and treatment of…

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Respiratory Care of the Newborn

Jan 30, 2019 by in PEDIATRICS Comments Off on Respiratory Care of the Newborn

Respiratory care encompasses a set of practices, usually implemented by a multidisciplinary team (physician, respiratory therapist, nurse), to ensure the optimal delivery of respiratory support to newborn infants with respiratory…

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Description of Available Devices

Jan 30, 2019 by in PEDIATRICS Comments Off on Description of Available Devices

Introduction to Ventilators A ventilator is defined as an automatic machine designed to provide all or part of the work required to generate enough ventilation to satisfy the body’s respiratory…

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Nursing Care

Jan 30, 2019 by in PEDIATRICS Comments Off on Nursing Care

Neonates needing respiratory support require close monitoring to detect subtle changes that can signal either the need for weaning or a deterioration requiring additional intervention. An interdisciplinary team with expertise…

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Complications of Respiratory Support

Jan 30, 2019 by in PEDIATRICS Comments Off on Complications of Respiratory Support

Introduction Neonates requiring intensive care represent a particularly vulnerable population because of their frequent need for intubation (as part of resuscitation), prolonged mechanical ventilation, and susceptibility to hospital-acquired infections. Hospital-acquired…

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High-Frequency Ventilation

Jan 30, 2019 by in PEDIATRICS Comments Off on High-Frequency Ventilation

First described in the 1970s, high-frequency ventilation (HFV) is a form of mechanical ventilation that uses small tidal volumes, sometimes less than anatomic dead space, and very rapid ventilator rates…

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Nutritional Support

Jan 30, 2019 by in PEDIATRICS Comments Off on Nutritional Support

Optimal nutritional support is fundamental for the survival, good health, growth, and development of newborn infants who require intensive care, particularly those who require assisted ventilation. Most of these infants…

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