PEDIATRICS

Atopic Dermatitis and Food Hypersensitivity

Apr 15, 2019 by in PEDIATRICS Comments Off on Atopic Dermatitis and Food Hypersensitivity

Key Points • About one third of children with moderate to severe atopic dermatitis (AD) are affected by food hypersensitivity. • A food allergy evaluation should be considered in children…

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Management of Food Allergy

Apr 15, 2019 by in PEDIATRICS Comments Off on Management of Food Allergy

Key Points • The management of food allergy entails dietary avoidance of the identified allergen to prevent chronic and acute food allergic reactions. • Allergen elimination diets should not be…

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Oral Allergy Syndrome

Apr 15, 2019 by in PEDIATRICS Comments Off on Oral Allergy Syndrome

Key Points • OAS is an IgE-mediated allergy that is due to cross-reactivity between pollens and homologous food proteins. • There is significant regional variation in OAS prevalence. • Several…

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Allergic and Eosinophilic Gastrointestinal Disease

Apr 15, 2019 by in PEDIATRICS Comments Off on Allergic and Eosinophilic Gastrointestinal Disease

Key Points • IgE-mediated anaphylactic reactions to foods occur immediately after ingestion, are acute life-threatening events, and can cause gastrointestinal, pulmonary and cardiovascular symptoms. • Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE), involving chronic…

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Enterocolitis, Proctocolitis and Enteropathies

Apr 15, 2019 by in PEDIATRICS Comments Off on Enterocolitis, Proctocolitis and Enteropathies

Key Points • A number of gastrointestinal food allergic disorders are not typically associated with food-specific IgE antibodies. • These dietary protein-induced cell-mediated disorders usually present in infancy. • There…

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Evaluation of Food Allergy

Apr 15, 2019 by in PEDIATRICS Comments Off on Evaluation of Food Allergy

Key Points • A food allergy is an adverse health effect arising from an immune response that occurs reproducibly on exposure to a given food, whereas a food intolerance is…

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Mucosal Immunology: An Overview

Apr 15, 2019 by in PEDIATRICS Comments Off on Mucosal Immunology: An Overview

Key Points • The gastrointestinal associated lymphoid tissue protects the vast surface of the gastrointestinal tract from pathogens while remaining tolerant to antigens from food and commensal microbiota. • Several…

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