PEDIATRICS

Fractures of the Pediatric Elbow and Shoulder

Jan 5, 2020 by in PEDIATRICS Comments Off on Fractures of the Pediatric Elbow and Shoulder

Elbow Fractures Anatomy and Classification of Elbow Fractures Fractures about the pediatric elbow are common; they account for 5%–10% of all fractures in children. The unique anatomy of the elbow…

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Tendon Injuries and Trigger Digits

Jan 5, 2020 by in PEDIATRICS Comments Off on Tendon Injuries and Trigger Digits

Introduction Flexor tendon injuries in children are less prevalent and have less evidentiary support as compared to the adult population. Most authors agree that immobilization protocols comprise a safe and…

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Tetraplegia: Nerve and Tendon Transfers

Jan 5, 2020 by in PEDIATRICS Comments Off on Tetraplegia: Nerve and Tendon Transfers

Introduction Spinal cord injury is devastating to the patient, the family, and his or her friends. In an instance, life has downgraded dramatically with respect to ambulation, limb usage, bladder/bowel…

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Fractures: Hand and Wrist

Jan 5, 2020 by in PEDIATRICS Comments Off on Fractures: Hand and Wrist

Introduction Most children experience at least one fracture during their childhood and adolescence. Pediatric and adolescent fractures are more commonly observed in males than females (65% vs. 50% of children,…

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Rheumatologic Disorders

Jan 5, 2020 by in PEDIATRICS Comments Off on Rheumatologic Disorders

Introduction Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) is the most common inflammatory joint disorder in childhood and may cause substantial intraarticular damage, long-term joint sequelae, and eventual disability. Arthritis occurring with other…

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Cerebral Palsy

Jan 5, 2020 by in PEDIATRICS Comments Off on Cerebral Palsy

Introduction Cerebral palsy is often related to hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) when the infant’s brain is deprived of adequate blood flow secondary to a hypoxic-ischemic event during the prenatal, intrapartum,…

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Brachial Plexus Pre- and Post-Op Management: Secondary

Jan 5, 2020 by in PEDIATRICS Comments Off on Brachial Plexus Pre- and Post-Op Management: Secondary

Introduction Brachial plexus birth injuries (BPBI) not resolving through natural recovery often result in various sequelae associated with the shoulder, elbow, wrist, and/or hand. These impairments often include decreased range…

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Brachial Plexus: Primary Surgery

Jan 5, 2020 by in PEDIATRICS Comments Off on Brachial Plexus: Primary Surgery

Introduction The anatomy, incidence, etiology, demographics, and initial management of a child with brachial plexus palsy have been discussed in this chapter. Timely referral to a brachial center is recommended…

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Multiligamentous Laxity

Jan 5, 2020 by in PEDIATRICS Comments Off on Multiligamentous Laxity

Introduction Multiligament laxity in children and adolescents results from underlying joint hypermobility. Joint hypermobility (JH) is defined as the “capability that a joint (or a group of joints) has to…

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