Heart murmurs

Jul 2, 2016 by in PEDIATRICS Comments Off on Heart murmurs

Heart murmurs are very common in infants and young children. Most are ‘functional’ or ‘innocent’ and are not associated with structural abnormalities. It is important to learn to distinguish these…

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The collapsed child

Jul 2, 2016 by in PEDIATRICS Comments Off on The collapsed child

Collapse and Cardiorespiratory Arrest Not all children who collapse will proceed to a full respiratory or cardiac arrest. Causes of sudden collapse in children are listed in the box and…

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Assessing the acutely ill child

Jul 2, 2016 by in PEDIATRICS Comments Off on Assessing the acutely ill child

Respiratory Failure Respiratory failure is defined as inadequate respiration to maintain normal arterial oxygen and carbon dioxide concentrations. Respiratory failure is obvious if the child is apnoeic or deeply cyanosed,…

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Understanding investigations:

Jul 2, 2016 by in PEDIATRICS Comments Off on Understanding investigations:

Understanding Investigations: II Radiology Chest Radiography As respiratory disorders are so common in paediatric practice, it is very important to be able to accurately interpret chest radiographs. If there is…

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Child care and school

Jul 2, 2016 by in PEDIATRICS Comments Off on Child care and school

Common Problems at School Age Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorder Hyperactivity is characterised by overactivity, difficulty keeping still and restlessness. It can be so extreme as to impair learning and…

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Learning disability and autism

Jul 2, 2016 by in PEDIATRICS Comments Off on Learning disability and autism

Children are said to have a learning disability when they experience significantly greater difficulty than their peers in making progress with intellectual developmental skills. Intellect overlaps with all other developmental…

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Congenital heart disease

Jul 2, 2016 by in PEDIATRICS Comments Off on Congenital heart disease

Congenital heart disease (CHD) is the commonest congenital malformation (7–8 per 1000 livebirths). About 8% are associated with chromosomal abnormality (e.g. AVSD in Down’s syndrome) or genetic abnormalities, such as…

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The fitting child

Jul 2, 2016 by in PEDIATRICS Comments Off on The fitting child

Generalized Convulsions The term convulsion is synonymous with fit or seizure. Convulsions are due to synchronous discharge of electrical activity from a number of neurons, usually with loss of consciousness…

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