Endocrinology

Jan 9, 2019 by in PEDIATRICS Comments Off on Endocrinology

Disorders of Sex Differentiation (DSD) Print Section Listen Definition Congenital conditions in which there is discordance between anatomic sex, hormonal sex, and the sex chromosomes. Pathophysiology Print Section Listen |…

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Hematology

Jan 9, 2019 by in PEDIATRICS Comments Off on Hematology

Indirect (Unconjugated) Hyperbilirubinemia Print Section Listen See Chapter 35 (Gastroenterology). Thrombocytopenia Print Section Listen Occurs in 1%–5% of newborns (platelet count <150,000/mm3); severe thrombocytopenia (<50,000/mm3) occurs in 0.1%–0.5%. Sick newborns…

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Gastroenterology

Jan 9, 2019 by in PEDIATRICS Comments Off on Gastroenterology

Delayed Passage of Meconium Print Section Listen The delayed passage of meconium may be the result of a mechanical or functional bowel obstruction. Virtually all infants, term and preterm, will…

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Neurology

Jan 9, 2019 by in PEDIATRICS Comments Off on Neurology

Neonatal Seizures Print Section Listen | Download (.pdf) | Print Etiologies of Neonatal Seizures Underlying Defect Points to Remember Hypoxic–ischemic encephalopathy Leading cause of neonatal seizures in full-term infants. This…

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Surgical Disorders

Jan 9, 2019 by in PEDIATRICS Comments Off on Surgical Disorders

Abdominal Surgical Disorders Print Section Listen | Download (.pdf) | Print Abdominal Wall Defects Gastroschisis Omphalocele Pathophysiology Right-sided defect lateral to the base of the umbilical stalk through which a…

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Pulmonology

Jan 9, 2019 by in PEDIATRICS Comments Off on Pulmonology

Transient Tachypnea of the Newborn (TTN) Print Section Listen TTN is a self-limited disorder characterized by tachypnea and other signs of mild respiratory distress such as retractions and cyanosis. Occurs…

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Pain Management

Jan 9, 2019 by in PEDIATRICS Comments Off on Pain Management

General Principles Print Section Listen Sensory nerve terminals exist on all body surfaces by 22–29 wk of gestation. Pain assessment should be performed using validated tools in all patients upon…

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Infectious Diseases

Jan 9, 2019 by in PEDIATRICS Comments Off on Infectious Diseases

Common Antibiotics in Neonates Print Section Listen | Download (.pdf) | Print Antibiotic Organisms Covered Dose Notes Ampicillin Gram-positive organisms (Streptococcus spp.) Susceptible Escherichia coli Listeria monocytogenes Empiric treatment for…

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Newborn Nursery

Jan 9, 2019 by in PEDIATRICS Comments Off on Newborn Nursery

Normal Fetal Adaptation at Birth Print Section Listen Thermoregulation Heat loss: Evaporation, radiation, conduction, convection. Heat production: Mainly through nonshivering thermogenesis (lipolysis of brown adipose tissue). Gas Exchange From placenta…

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