Chapter 3 – Endometriosis

Feb 26, 2021 by in GYNECOLOGY Comments Off on Chapter 3 – Endometriosis

Abstract Endometriosis is a chronic oestrogen-dependent condition that affects 10% of women from puberty to menopause. It is characterised by the presence and proliferation of endometrial-like cells outside the uterine…

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Chapter 2 – Physics and Instrumentation

Feb 23, 2021 by in GYNECOLOGY Comments Off on Chapter 2 – Physics and Instrumentation

Abstract The ultrasound machine console varies between companies in the layout of the knobs. However, the overall panels are very similar, labeled and become familiar with use. Chapter 2 Physics…

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Chapter 4 – Uterine Pathology and Anomalies

Feb 23, 2021 by in GYNECOLOGY Comments Off on Chapter 4 – Uterine Pathology and Anomalies

Abstract The role of nurses conducting ultrasound in assisted conception cycle monitoring is to evaluate the endometrial thickness and document the size of each ovarian follicle present. Women should have…

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Chapter 3 – Gynaecology Ultrasound

Feb 23, 2021 by in GYNECOLOGY Comments Off on Chapter 3 – Gynaecology Ultrasound

Abstract Transvaginal imaging of the pelvic area begins at the perineum. With the probe positioned at the opening of the vagina, in the sagittal plane, the image demonstrates the symphysis…

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Chapter 9 – First Trimester Pregnancy

Feb 23, 2021 by in GYNECOLOGY Comments Off on Chapter 9 – First Trimester Pregnancy

Abstract Elevated β-hCG in the maternal serum or urine is an indication of pregnancy. Once the hCG levels reach 1,000–2,000 mIU/ml a transvaginal ultrasound should be able to demonstrate a gestational…

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Chapter 6 – Ovarian Anomalies and Pathology

Feb 23, 2021 by in GYNECOLOGY Comments Off on Chapter 6 – Ovarian Anomalies and Pathology

Abstract There are several different definitions of polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS). The most commonly used definition is the Rotterdam criteria, which states that the diagnosis of polycystic ovarian syndrome requires…

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