Acute Appendicitis

Jul 18, 2017 by in PEDIATRICS Comments Off on Acute Appendicitis

Fig. 20.1 Appendiceal tip position can widely vary. Here the most frequent positions in which it is possible to find the appendix are illustrated. (a) Ascending into the retrocecal recess…

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Vascular Rings and Pulmonary Sling

Jul 18, 2017 by in PEDIATRICS Comments Off on Vascular Rings and Pulmonary Sling

Fig. 7.1 The Rathke diagram: schematic representation of the six paired brachial arches (I–VI). (a) The brachial arches connect paired ventral aorta (a) and dorsal aorta (b). (b) Reabsorption of…

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Alimentary Tract Duplications

Jul 18, 2017 by in PEDIATRICS Comments Off on Alimentary Tract Duplications

Fig. 18.1 Distribution of duplications by location and frequency Table 18.1 Distribution of duplications by location and frequency Foregut duplications Midgut duplications Hindgut duplications Esophageal: 15–21 % Jejunal: 10–18 %…

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Esophageal Replacements in Children

Jul 18, 2017 by in PEDIATRICS Comments Off on Esophageal Replacements in Children

Acquired Congenital 273 Caustic stenosis Four malformations  Two long congenital stenosis  One long esophageal duplication  One achalasia Two stenosis post-radiotherapies One giant esophageal leiomyoma Two stenosis post-viral infections (Herpes) Two…

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Intestinal Polyposis

Jul 18, 2017 by in PEDIATRICS Comments Off on Intestinal Polyposis

Fig. 29.1 Macroscopic findings of an isolated polyp in Peutz-Jeghers syndrome: polyp is characterized by a central core of smooth muscle and is covered by the native mucosa Mutations of…

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Inflammatory Bowel Disease

Jul 18, 2017 by in PEDIATRICS Comments Off on Inflammatory Bowel Disease

Fig. 23.1 Typical endoscopic findings of ulcerative colitis characterized by friability of colonic mucosa and the presence of erosions and minute ulcers In children five atypical features of UC have…

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Anesthesia in Pediatric Digestive Surgery

Jul 18, 2017 by in PEDIATRICS Comments Off on Anesthesia in Pediatric Digestive Surgery

Gastrointestinal/hepatic problems Potential anesthetic implications Vomiting, diarrhea Electrolyte imbalance, dehydration, full stomach Gastroesophageal reflux Treat like a full stomach Increased abdominal volume Diaphragmatic cephalic displacement Decreased lung compliance Decreased systemic…

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Intussusception

Jul 18, 2017 by in PEDIATRICS Comments Off on Intussusception

Fig. 21.1 US showing a target sign: two rings of low echogenicity with an intervening hyperechoic ring Fig. 21.2 Contrast enema. The column of contrast stops at the head of…

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