PEDIATRICS

Disorders of Sex Development

Mar 8, 2017 by in PEDIATRICS Comments Off on Disorders of Sex Development

Previous Proposed Intersex DSD Male pseudohermaphrodite, undervirilization of a Y male, and undermasculinization of an XY male 46, XY DSD Female pseudohermaphrodite, overvirilization of an XX female, and masculinization of…

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Abdominal Wall Hernias and Hydroceles

Mar 8, 2017 by in PEDIATRICS Comments Off on Abdominal Wall Hernias and Hydroceles

Fig. 4.1 Clinical photographs (a and b) of a large inguinoscrotal hernia They are commonly seen in approximately 3–5 % of full-term infants. Inguinal hernias are three times more common in…

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Hepatoblastoma

Mar 8, 2017 by in PEDIATRICS Comments Off on Hepatoblastoma

Fig. 57.1 Clinical photograph of a patient with hepatoblastoma showing a large abdominal mass Less common symptoms are: decreased appetite, anorexia, weight loss, nausea, vomiting, back pain, early puberty in…

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Congenital Cystic Adenomatoid Malformation

Mar 8, 2017 by in PEDIATRICS Comments Off on Congenital Cystic Adenomatoid Malformation

Fig. 51.1 Diagramatic representation of type I CCAM Multiple large cysts (> 2 cm in diameter). A single large cyst surrounded by numerous smaller cysts. Type I is the most common type…

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Bronchogenic Cyst

Mar 8, 2017 by in PEDIATRICS Comments Off on Bronchogenic Cyst

Fig. 52.1 Histological picture of excised bronchogenic cyst. Note the respiratory epithelial lining, seromucinous glands, and cartilage in the wall Embryology Bronchogenic cysts result from an abnormal budding of the…

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Congenital Lobar Emphysema

Mar 8, 2017 by in PEDIATRICS Comments Off on Congenital Lobar Emphysema

Fig. 50.1 Chest x-ray showing congenital lobar emphysema involving the left upper lobe. Note the mediastinal shift and herniation of the affected lobe to the other side with compression on…

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Neonatal Intestinal Obstruction

Mar 8, 2017 by in PEDIATRICS Comments Off on Neonatal Intestinal Obstruction

Fig. 22.1 Diagnosis of neonatal intestinal obstruction Differential Diagnosis Atresia and stenosis involving duodenum, small bowel, and colon Intestinal malrotation Meconium ileus (associated and not associated with cystic fibrosis) Hirschsprung’s…

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Renal Tumors: Wilms Tumor (Nephroblastoma)

Mar 8, 2017 by in PEDIATRICS Comments Off on Renal Tumors: Wilms Tumor (Nephroblastoma)

Fig. 62.1 Clinical photograph showing left-sided Wilms tumor An abdominal swelling or mass Abdominal pain Fever Nausea and vomiting Hematuria High blood pressure The tumor can grow rapidly, which may…

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Congenital Paraesophageal Hernia

Mar 8, 2017 by in PEDIATRICS Comments Off on Congenital Paraesophageal Hernia

Fig. 49.1 Chest x-ray of a child with a paraesophageal hernia showing herniation of bowel loops in addition to the stomach (a) and a lateral chest x-ray showing bowel herniation…

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