PEDIATRICS

Ultrasound-guided diagnostic procedures

Apr 14, 2017 by in PEDIATRICS Comments Off on Ultrasound-guided diagnostic procedures

Figure 27.1 Photograph of placental fronds demonstrating an adequate sample volume and quality for analysis. For transcervical CVS, the cervix is visualized with a Cuscoe’s speculum. The cervix is cannulated…

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The perinatal postmortem examination

Apr 14, 2017 by in PEDIATRICS Comments Off on The perinatal postmortem examination

Figure 29.1 (a, b) Macroscopic photographs from perinatal autopsies demonstrating effects of maceration, such as skin slippage and bilateral talipes equinovarus (top) and congenital left-sided diaphragmatic hernia (bottom). Histologic examination…

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Assessment of fetal wellbeing

Apr 14, 2017 by in PEDIATRICS Comments Off on Assessment of fetal wellbeing

Figure 22.1 Example of a good Doppler. Uterine artery Doppler The uterine artery (UtA) Doppler assesses the placental flow on the maternal side of the circulation and is able to…

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Fetal tumors

Apr 14, 2017 by in PEDIATRICS Comments Off on Fetal tumors

Mixed echos, may include cystic areas, hemorrhage or calcificationChoroid plexus tumor (papilloma)Large lobulated echogenic mass, unilateral, lateral ventricle (rarely third ventricle)Head and neckLymphangioma/cystic hygromaLarge cystic mass with multiple septations commonly…

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Prescribing and teratogenesis in pregnancy

Apr 14, 2017 by in PEDIATRICS Comments Off on Prescribing and teratogenesis in pregnancy

Figure 17.1 Causes of congenital abnormalities, the majority being of unknown etiology. The susceptibility of an embryo or fetus for a teratogenic response is related to various factors, including the…

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Fetal face and neck anomalies

Apr 14, 2017 by in PEDIATRICS Comments Off on Fetal face and neck anomalies

Figure 7.1 (a) Normal face and lips, (b) unilateral and (c) bilateral cleft lips. Diagnosis A coronal section through the face reveals the lips, chin prominence and nostrils, often in…

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Multiple pregnancy: diagnosis and screening

Apr 14, 2017 by in PEDIATRICS Comments Off on Multiple pregnancy: diagnosis and screening

Figure 24.1 Ultrasound features of dichorionic versus monochorionic twins. The most recent and largest study to date on the accuracy of amnionicity and chorionicity determination using lambda and T signs…

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Multiple pregnancy: pathology and epidemiology

Apr 14, 2017 by in PEDIATRICS Comments Off on Multiple pregnancy: pathology and epidemiology

Figure 23.1 Zygosity, chorionicity and amnionicity. Triplet pregnancies may result from various fertilization and division scenarios involving ovum and sperm. Triplets can be trizygotic, dizygotic and monozygotic. Zygosity in higher…

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