Ultrasound assessment of normal fetal anatomy

Apr 14, 2017 by in PEDIATRICS Comments Off on Ultrasound assessment of normal fetal anatomy

Figure 5.1 Sagittal section of a fetus showing measurement of crown–rump length. Algorithm for a structural survey in early pregnancy Brain Cranial bone ossification and the integrity of the skull…

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Fetal growth disorders

Apr 14, 2017 by in PEDIATRICS Comments Off on Fetal growth disorders

Inadequate vascular modelingleading to infarcts andinsufficiencyPlacental development pathology– placental villous immaturity andvillous hypoplasiaClinical associationAssociated with hypertensive disorders and PETNot associated with hypertensive disordersMonitoringUA DopplersUA Dopplers not useful for monitoring– possibility…

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Congenital heart disease in the fetus

Apr 14, 2017 by in PEDIATRICS Comments Off on Congenital heart disease in the fetus

2. Broad based appendage3. Receives coronary sinus4. Connects to TV1. Sagittal2. Sagittal3. Four chamber4. Four chamberLeft atrium1. Receives pulmonary veins2. Finger-like long narrow-based appendage3. Flap valve of FO floats inside4….

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Fetal genitourinary anomalies

Apr 14, 2017 by in PEDIATRICS Comments Off on Fetal genitourinary anomalies

Figure 12.1 Transverse scan through fetal pelvis showing bladder (B) surrounded by right and left umbilical arteries (LUA and RUA). During the anomaly scan between 18–20 weeks, the kidneys are…

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Fetal thoracic anomalies

Apr 14, 2017 by in PEDIATRICS Comments Off on Fetal thoracic anomalies

Figure 9.1 Schematic diagram showing the timeline for embryologic and fetal lung development, with pictorial representation below. At birth The amniotic fluid and lung secretions fill the airways prior to…

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Placenta, amniotic membrane and amniotic fluid

Apr 14, 2017 by in PEDIATRICS Comments Off on Placenta, amniotic membrane and amniotic fluid

Persistently elevated hCG.Stage 2GTN extends outside of the uterus, but is limited to the genital structures (adnexa, vagina, broad ligament).Stage 3GTN extends to the lungs with or without known genital…

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Sonographic diagnosis of fetal skeletal anomalies

Apr 14, 2017 by in PEDIATRICS Comments Off on Sonographic diagnosis of fetal skeletal anomalies

Equinovarus – foot twisted inwardsEquinus – extended foot Risk factors and clues to the diagnosis of skeletal anomalies Family history Although the majority of skeletal abnormalities are unexpected findings detected…

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Fetal therapy

Apr 14, 2017 by in PEDIATRICS Comments Off on Fetal therapy

Figure 28.1 Ultrasound picture showing needle guide centered on intrahepatic vein. Reproduced from Kilby MD et al. (eds) Fetal Therapy. Cambridge UK: Cambridge University Press 2012, with permission. Intraperitoenal transfusions…

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Fetal central nervous system anomalies

Apr 14, 2017 by in PEDIATRICS Comments Off on Fetal central nervous system anomalies

Figure 6.1 Fetal lateral cerebral ventriculomegaly (arrows). (a) Mild ventriculomegaly; (b) unilateral mild ventriculomegaly; (c) severe ventriculomegaly. A value of >15 mm indicates severe ventriculomegaly. This is almost always associated…

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Fetal infections

Apr 14, 2017 by in PEDIATRICS Comments Off on Fetal infections

Halsby et al., 2014[6]Parvovirus60–70944cVyse et al., 2007[7]Varicella90–952100cPembrey et al., 2013[4]; RCOG Green-Top Guideline No. 13, 2007[9]Syphilis0.47(antibodies not protective)4.7/1,000cGiraudon et al., 2009[3]Rubella95.91–2bWise, 2013[8] a Significant ethnic variation (49% in white British,…

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