GYNECOLOGY

Intraepithelial neoplasia of the lower genital tract (cervix, vagina, vulva): Etiology, Screening, Diagnosis, Management

Aug 8, 2021 by in GYNECOLOGY Comments Off on Intraepithelial neoplasia of the lower genital tract (cervix, vagina, vulva): Etiology, Screening, Diagnosis, Management

Key points • Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is the cause of virtually all cases of cervical dysplasia/cancer and many cases of vaginal and vulvar dysplasia/cancer. • The majority of HPV…

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Primary and secondary dysmenorrhea, premenstrual syndrome, and premenstrual dysphoric disorder: Etiology, Diagnosis, Management

Aug 8, 2021 by in GYNECOLOGY Comments Off on Primary and secondary dysmenorrhea, premenstrual syndrome, and premenstrual dysphoric disorder: Etiology, Diagnosis, Management

Key points • Approximately 75% of all women complain of primary dysmenorrhea. Approximately 15% have severe symptoms. • Education, supportive therapy, and nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs are the treatments of choice…

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Gestational trophoblastic disease: Hydatidiform Mole, Nonmetastatic and Metastatic Gestational Trophoblastic Tumor: Diagnosis and Management

Aug 8, 2021 by in GYNECOLOGY Comments Off on Gestational trophoblastic disease: Hydatidiform Mole, Nonmetastatic and Metastatic Gestational Trophoblastic Tumor: Diagnosis and Management

Key points • Persistent abnormal bleeding after normal pregnancy, abortion, or ectopic pregnancy should lead to a consideration of the diagnosis of gestational trophoblastic disease (GTD). Pulmonary nodules present on…

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